Andy Warhol is know as
- Graphic artist
- Main representative of pop art
Andy Warhol (born 1928 as Andrew Warhola) was the leading figure in American Pop Art. His works of art address the tension between individual artistic expression and the visual culture of the world of commodity and mass media, which spread in the 1960s. His work includes paintings, silkscreens, photography, film and sculpture. His most famous works are the depictions of Campbell’s soup cans (1962) and Marilyn Monroe (1962).
Warhol grew up in Pittsburgh and initially pursued a highly successful career as a commercial artist. In the late 1950s, he began exhibiting his works in various galleries and was quickly noticed as an influential and controversial artist. His New York studio, “The Factory” is considered legendary. Here, intellectuals, Hollywood stars, artists, wealthy patrons as well as drag queens and bohemians from the street met. Warhol coined the phrase that in the future, every person will have his “15 minutes of fame”. In the late 1960s, he worked as a producer and manager of the rock band The Velvet Underground. Warhol was the victim of an assassination attempt in 1968 when actress and women’s rights activist Valerie Solanas invaded his studio and shot at the artist. In February 1987 Warhol died of cardiac arrhythmia.
There have been numerous retrospectives on Andy Warhol’s work in major museums around the world, including the New York Museum of Modern Art, the Tate Modern in London, and the Neue Nationalgalerie in Berlin. There have been many important books and documentary films about Warhol. The Andy Warhol Museum in its native city of Pittsburgh, which holds large numbers of Warhol works, is the largest single-artist museum in the United States. Warhol’s paintings are among the most expensive works of art ever sold worldwide. The record to date is his picture “Silver Car Crash (Double Disaster)”, which was sold in 2013 for over 100 million USD. Works by Warhol can be found today in the collection of the National Portrait Gallery, London, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, the Museo Guggenheim de Arte Moderno y Contemporáneo, Bilbao and the Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam.